The next round of mixed reform of local state-owned enterprises will sing big play and lead the leading role

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is regarded as a mixed ownership reform which is an important breakthrough of the reform of state-owned enterprises, and is speeding up all round.

On

12 13, a State Council executive meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang pointed out that we should push forward the reform of joint stock system of central enterprises and introduce social capital to achieve equity diversification. The reform of mixed ownership of state-owned enterprises in which the main industry is in the fully competitive industry and field is promoted.

Two days after the

, Peng Huagang, the Deputy Secretary General of the State Council and the spokesman of the State Council, said that the list of the third batch of mixed pilot projects has been identified by the State Council in a regular briefing. The total number of 31 pilot enterprises has been 10, and 21 local state-owned enterprises.

Although

did not disclose the specific "list" enterprises, Peng Huagang said, "the three batch of mixed transformation pilot is 50, and the key areas of mixed ownership reform pilot is progressively and orderly.

participates in the pilot reform pilot, the profit growth of the central enterprises is faster

since November 2016, the national development and Reform Commission and the State Council SASAC have organized two batches of 19 pilot projects for mixing and reform of the central enterprises. From the enterprise level, 10 of the two level companies and 9 of the three level companies. From the view of the asset structure, the total assets of these enterprises are about 940000000000 yuan, and about 300 billion yuan will be introduced into all kinds of capital through mixed modification.

The mixed ownership reform of the

central enterprises is taking on the trend of quickening the pace and expanding the field. According to the SASAC Deputy Secretary General Peng Huagang introduced, currently more than 2/3 of the central enterprises to introduce all kinds of social capital; more than half of the state-owned capital in public listed companies; the Central Enterprises subsidiary enterprises of all levels in the property level has been mixed with a wide range of all kinds of capital.

The effect of the mixed reform of

state-owned enterprises has also begun to appear. The data disclosed by the SASAC show that in 2016, the proportion of mixed ownership enterprises in the central business group and its subordinate businesses accounted for 68.9%, and the mixed ownership enterprises excluding the share holding enterprises amounted to 7 trillion and 600 billion yuan. A notable comparison of data is that the profit of central enterprises from January 2017 to August increased by 23.05% over the same period, which is higher than that of central enterprises in the same period of 17.3%.

In Peng Huagang's view, the first two batches of pilot enterprises in

have achieved initial success in introducing strategic investors, improving the market selection and employment system, promoting the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure and so on.

takes China Unicom as an example. As the first pilot enterprise of mixed group reform at the level of the central enterprises, China Unicom's proposition of "how to mix" and "how to get mixed up" is considered a benchmark. After introducing new strategic investors such as BATJ (Note: Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent, Jingdong), the share interest of China Unicom's largest shareholder has dropped from 62% to 36.7%, and no more than 51% of equity interest is held.

After the

mixed reform, China Unicom has gradually opened the full range of cooperation with these Internet giant shareholders from the business to the strategy, which has been widely favored by the market. Wang Xiaochu, the chairman of China Unicom and the party secretary, recently publicly expressed that as of now, China Unicom has completed 92% of the total change in the work. (see China Economic Weekly, December 18, 2017)

in fact, in addition to the pilot list, the local state-owned enterprises have also started in the reform of the mixed ownership system, and some provinces have formed a breakthrough momentum.

in Beijing, there are currently 95 municipal state-owned enterprises of mixed ownership reform, the introduction of non-public capital to the total amount of 20 billion yuan, and carry out a pilot in 6 state-owned shareholding employees first; the traditional energy province of Shanxi recently announced the first batch of 12 mix change projects, involving the related assets of Shanxi coking coal group, Yangquan Coal Group, Lu'an Group and other company's equity holdings, including the transfer of all or part of the equity transfer etc..

in Fujian, where the private economy is active, the phenomenon of "Fujian army breakout" has emerged because of the "revitalized" state-owned enterprises. Fujian Province Electronic Information Group has been insolvent for more than 11 thousand employees all identity replacement, continue to implement the introduction of private capital, equity diversification reform of backbone ESOP owned enterprises development prospects, the current number of enterprises have been successfully holding shares or IPO, become Fujian state owned system of star enterprise.

Li Jin, chief researcher of

China Enterprise Research Institute, told China Economic Weekly reporter: "in the next round of mixed reform, it is expected that local state-owned enterprises will play the leading role and play the leading role. From next year, the mixed reform of local state-owned enterprises will accelerate obviously. "

The core of

is to avoid a single big

any reform is not a smooth road, in the tide of reform pilot mix like a raging fire, there are also some issues of concern. Many respondents pointed out that some people still have some misunderstanding on the mix change in the understanding, not mixed, existence of state-owned private enterprises dare not mixed, workers do not want to mix the phenomenon of mixed ownership enterprises; there are different degrees of corporate governance and market operation mechanism is not perfect; mixed ownership enterprises in the leadership of the party and Party building work is also facing new situations and new problems.

The current problems faced by the

reformers are expected to be supported by the decision-making level. The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region SASAC official told China Economic Weekly reporter that the national development and Reform Commission research group went to the Xinjiang SASAC supervision company in May this year, and the theme is mixed ownership reform. In the meantime, the research group focused on the introduction of qualified strategic investors and the improvement of corporate governance


From: 混改全面提速 预计下一轮混改地方国企将唱大戏、担主角
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