Do rural college students have to read a doctor to change their fate?

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China is in the transition stage. What are the college students in the countryside, what are the opportunities for admission, learning experience and employment?

on the current state of rural college students, first look at the research results of all the great gods:

some time ago, there is a current rural college students' academic and employment at the Tsinghua University Art Museum 1911 theme salon Cafe held successfully, 4 from Tsinghua University, Peking University, Renmin University of China and Guangzhou University education researchers, the research results of each share. from the angle of entrance, process and export, they depict the state of the rural college students in the transition society.

this salon was hosted by the Institute of education and research of Tsinghua University and the center for the global school and student development evaluation and research center of Tsinghua University.

1, entrance: the accuracy of incline enrollment policy needs discussion

, from the perspective of "entry", the preferential enrollment policy of key universities in rural and poor areas mainly includes the national special plan, the local special plan and the university special plan.

simply speaking, the national special plan is a regional plan for the subordinate universities and provincial key universities to set up a unified national plan, and the enrollment plan is not necessarily a rural household registration.

and the university special plan requires that the examinee should be a rural household register. The geographical scope of enrollment is also determined by the provinces themselves. The enrollment schools are directly under the Ministry of education and other independent pilot universities, excluding the provincial universities which are not included in the pilot program of independent enrollment.

The local special plan of

is a special plan for the provincial key colleges and universities to stipulate regional enrollment in the province.

Wen Wen, associate professor of the Institute of education

China University believes that the research of inclined enrollment policy is not rich, she tried through the relevant data analysis of institutions directly under the 2014 ministries all freshmen, summarizes the characteristics in the "ability" and "origin" of the current enrollment policy admission of students, effectiveness and evaluation this kind of policy.

overall, tilt policy is indeed a part of the first condition, because Fu school and province education resources and disadvantage, failed to achieve the excellent students in key universities Toudang scores, provides entrance opportunity.

, but national special plan and preferential policies for ethnic minority enrollment, we need further precise policy benefit people , because many family preferences that enjoy preferential policies for urban hukou and minority students belong to the average level. They are not vulnerable

.In comparison with the

, the special program of colleges and universities gives more autonomy to colleges and universities, and is more accurate in pointing to the individual and Middle School of the weak students.

associate professor Wen Wen, an associate professor of education and research at Tsinghua University, is doing a sharing (source: first reading EDU editorial department)

two, entrance: should strengthen the publicity of the special program of college and University

Wu Qiuxiang, a Ph.D. candidate from Renmin University of China School of education, selected a college special plan of "entry", and conducted a randomized experiment in the field of education.

in a statement before the study, he first to share with you a meet in the teachingprocess in the case of students, because home in remote areas with no network channels to receive information via zhijiaotuan help, finally confirmed the notice before the deadline to participate in the special examination. After all the joy, the students' parents were worried about the road fee and the future tuition.

this experience also inspired Wu Qiuxiang to start the study to study selected Yunnan Province, 5 counties, 6 schools in 824 with the special plan of the principle of recruitment of students to sample set up 1 control group and 3 experimental groups, the categories of information control includes special recruitment policy plan the subsidy policy, and attending to the cost.

studies show that economic factors and students' ability have a significant impact on rural students' selection of universities, but the effect of the economic factor is stronger.

however, university special plan information can correct economic factors "interference" , significantly reduced the students because of economic reasons can only choose the universities in the province will strengthen the ability of college students in rural areas of the province, in order to guide them to attend.

based on these findings, Wu Qiuxiang suggested:

1. on the one hand, should strengthen the special plan of policy propaganda, find the rural areas close to the students' characteristics of information dissemination; 2. on the other hand, should improve the special plan policy in recruiting policy at the same time, with the subsidy policy.

Wu Qiuxiang, a doctoral student at Renmin University of China, is doing a sharing (source: first reading EDU editorial department)